220 cases of measles have been reported in the U.S. since November 3, 2018.  

 

  • Europe is experiencing a large measles outbreak with over 41,000 cases of reported in 2018.
 
  • In the U.S., 220 cases have been reported from 25 states and D.C. as of November 3rd, 2018.
 
  • The last case of measles reported in Montana was in 1990.
 
  • Measles complications can include: pneumonia, encephalitis, and/or death.
 
  • Measles is highly contagious. One person can infect 12-18 susceptible people
 
 
WHO'S AT RISK
 
  • Babies who are too young for vaccine (<12 months)
  • Immunocompromised
  • Pregnant women
  • Unvaccinated
 
INCUBATION
 
  • Average:14 days (range 7-21 days)
 
 
SYMPTOMS
 
  • High fever (up to 104 F)
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Red, watery eyes
  • Rash (spreads from head to toe)
  • Koplik spots (sometimes)
 
 
 
RISK FACTORS
 
  • Travel to a place where measles is endemic
  • Contact with someone who has measles
  • Visitors from areas where measles is occurring
  • Not receiving a measles vaccine (MMR)
 
 
IF YOU SUSPECT MEASLES
 
  • Work with your health care provider and they will help evaluate signs and symptoms and risk factors to determine if measles is high on the suspicion list.
 
REPORT
 
  • Measles is immediately reportable to local public health.
  • Reporting should not wait until lab results are available.
  • If you suspect measles, report it ASAP.
 
 
CONFIRM
 
  • A diagnosis of measles is confirmed by prompt laboratory testing.
  • The gold standard is PCR and can be performed as soon as possible following rash onset.
  • Blood tests for IgM and IgG antibody production may also be helpful.
 
 
PREVENT
 
  • The measles vaccine (MMR) is extremely effective against preventing the disease in those who are >12 months of age.
  • Two doses of MMR are 97% effective.
  • Call Tribal Health at 406-745-3525 to get the MMR vaccination today.